Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Pandora, Prometheus, and Creation Myths by Thomas Bulfinch

Prometheus, Pandora and Creation Mythology by Thomas Bulfinch 1913

See also Over 250 Books on DVDrom on Mythology, Gods and Legends

For a list of all of my disks click here

The creation of the world is a problem naturally fitted to excite the liveliest interest of man, its inhabitant. The ancient pagans, not having the information on the subject which we derive from the pages of Scripture, had their own way of telling the story, which is as follows:

Before earth and sea and heaven were created, all things wore one aspect, to which we give the name of Chaos—a confused and shapeless mass, nothing but dead weight, in which, however, slumbered the seeds of things. Earth, sea, and air were all mixed up together; so the earth was not solid, the sea was not fluid, and the air was not transparent. God and Nature at last interposed, and put an end to this discord, separating earth from sea, and heaven from both. The fiery part, being the lightest, sprang up, and formed the skies; the air was next in weight and place. The earth, being heavier, sank below; and the water took the lowest place, and buoyed up the earth.

Here some god—it is not known which—gave his good offices in arranging and disposing the earth. He appointed rivers and bays their places, raised mountains, scooped out valleys, distributed woods, fountains, fertile fields, and stony plains. The air being cleared, the stars began to appear, fishes took possession of the sea, birds of the air, and four-footed beasts of the land.

But a nobler animal was wanted, and Man was made. It is not known whether the creator made him of divine materials, or whether in the earth, so lately separated from heaven, there lurked still some heavenly seeds. Prometheus took some of this earth, and kneading it up with water, made man in the image of the gods. He gave him an upright stature, so that while all other animals turn their faces downward, and look to the earth, he raises his to heaven, and gazes on the stars.

Prometheus was one of the Titans, a gigantic race, who inhabited the earth before the creation of man. To him and his brother Epimetheus was committed the office of making man, and providing him and all other animals with the faculties necessary for their preservation. Epimetheus undertook to do this, and Prometheus was to overlook his work, when it was done. Epimetheus accordingly proceeded to bestow upon the different animals the various gifts of courage, strength, swiftness, sagacity; wings to one, claws to another, a shelly covering to a third, etc. But when man came to be provided for, who was to be superior to all other animals, Epimetheus had been so prodigal of his resources that he had nothing left to bestow upon him. In his perplexity he resorted to his brother Prometheus, who, with the aid of Minerva, went up to heaven, and lighted his torch at the chariot of the sun, and brought down fire to man. With this gift man was more than a match for all other animals. It enabled him to make weapons wherewith to subdue them; tools with which to cultivate the earth; to warm his dwelling, so as to be comparatively independent of climate; and finally to introduce the arts and to coin money, the means of trade and commerce. Woman was not yet made. The story (absurd enough!) is that Jupiter made her, and sent her to Prometheus and his brother, to punish them for their presumption in stealing fire from heaven; and man, for accepting the gift. The first woman was named Pandora. She was made in heaven, every god contributing something to perfect her. Venus gave her beauty, Mercury persuasion, Apollo music, etc. Thus equipped, she was conveyed to earth, and presented to Epimetheus, who gladly accepted her, though cautioned by his brother to beware of Jupiter and his gifts. Epimetheus had in his house a jar, in which were kept certain noxious articles, for which, in fitting man for his new abode, he had had no occasion. Pandora was seized with an eager curiosity to know what this jar contained; and one day she slipped off the cover and looked in. Forthwith there escaped a multitude of plagues for hapless man,—such as gout, rheumatism, and colic for his body, and envy, spite, and revenge for his mind,—and scattered themselves far and wide. Pandora hastened to replace the lid! but, alas! the whole contents of the jar had escaped, one thing only excepted, which lay at the bottom, and that was HOPE. So we see at this day, whatever evils are abroad, hope never entirely leaves us; and while we have THAT, no amount of other ills can make us completely wretched.

Another story is that Pandora was sent in good faith, by Jupiter, to bless man; that she was furnished with a box, containing her marriage presents, into which every god had put some blessing. She opened the box incautiously, and the blessings all escaped, HOPE only excepted. This story seems more probable than the former; for how could HOPE, so precious a jewel as it is, have been kept in a jar full of all manner of evils, as in the former statement?

The world being thus furnished with inhabitants, the first age was an age of innocence and happiness, called the Golden Age. Truth and right prevailed, though not enforced by law, nor was there any magistrate to threaten or punish. The forest had not yet been robbed of its trees to furnish timbers for vessels, nor had men built fortifications round their towns. There were no such things as swords, spears, or helmets. The earth brought forth all things necessary for man, without his labor in ploughing or sowing. Perpetual spring reigned, flowers sprang up without seed, the rivers flowed with milk and wine, and yellow honey distilled from the oaks.

Then succeeded the Silver Age, inferior to the golden, but better than that of brass. Jupiter shortened the spring, and divided the year into seasons. Then, first, men had to endure the extremes of heat and cold, and houses became necessary. Caves were the first dwellings, and leafy coverts of the woods, and huts woven of twigs. Crops would no longer grow without planting. The farmer was obliged to sow the seed and the toiling ox to draw the plough.

Next came the Brazen Age, more savage of temper, and readier to the strife of arms, yet not altogether wicked. The hardest and worst was the Iron Age. Crime burst in like a flood; modesty, truth, and honor fled. In their places came fraud and cunning, violence, and the wicked love of gain. Then seamen spread sails to the wind, and the trees were torn from the mountains to serve for keels to ships, and vex the face of ocean. The earth, which till now had been cultivated in common, began to be divided off into possessions. Men were not satisfied with what the surface produced, but must dig into its bowels, and draw forth from thence the ores of metals. Mischievous IRON, and more mischievous GOLD, were produced. War sprang up, using both as weapons; the guest was not safe in his friend's house; and sons-in-law and fathers-in- law, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives, could not trust one another. Sons wished their fathers dead, that they might come to the inheritance; family love lay prostrate. The earth was wet with slaughter, and the gods abandoned it, one by one, till Astraea alone was left, and finally she also took her departure.

[Footnote: The goddess of innocence and purity. After leaving earth, she was placed among the stars, where she became the constellation Virgo—the Virgin. Themis (Justice) was the mother of Astraea. She is represented as holding aloft a pair of scales, in which she weighs the claims of opposing parties.

It was a favorite idea of the old poets that these goddesses would one day return, and bring back the Golden Age. Even in a Christian hymn, the "Messiah" of Pope, this idea occurs:

    "All crimes shall cease, and ancient fraud shall fail,
     Returning Justice lift aloft her scale,
     Peace o'er the world her olive wand extend,
     And white-robed Innocence from heaven descend."
See, also, Milton's "Hymn on the Nativity," stanzas xiv. and xv.]

Jupiter, seeing this state of things, burned with anger. He summoned the gods to council. They obeyed the call, and took the road to the palace of heaven. The road, which any one may see in a clear night, stretches across the face of the sky, and is called the Milky Way. Along the road stand the palaces of the illustrious gods; the common people of the skies live apart, on either side. Jupiter addressed the assembly. He set forth the frightful condition of things on the earth, and closed by announcing his intention to destroy the whole of its inhabitants, and provide a new race, unlike the first, who would be more worthy of life, and much better worshippers of the gods. So saying he took a thunderbolt, and was about to launch it at the world, and destroy it by burning; but recollecting the danger that such a conflagration might set heaven itself on fire, he changed his plan, and resolved to drown it. The north wind, which scatters the clouds, was chained up; the south was sent out, and soon covered all the face of heaven with a cloak of pitchy darkness. The clouds, driven together, resound with a crash; torrents of rain fall; the crops are laid low; the year's labor of the husbandman perishes in an hour. Jupiter, not satisfied with his own waters, calls on his brother Neptune to aid him with his. He lets loose the rivers, and pours them over the land. At the same time, he heaves the land with an earthquake, and brings in the reflux of the ocean over the shores. Flocks, herds, men, and houses are swept away, and temples, with their sacred enclosures, profaned. If any edifice remained standing, it was overwhelmed, and its turrets lay hid beneath the waves. Now all was sea, sea without shore. Here and there an individual remained on a projecting hilltop, and a few, in boats, pulled the oar where they had lately driven the plough. The fishes swim among the tree-tops; the anchor is let down into a garden. Where the graceful lambs played but now, unwieldy sea calves gambol. The wolf swims among the sheep, the yellow lions and tigers struggle in the water. The strength of the wild boar serves him not, nor his swiftness the stag. The birds fall with weary wing into the water, having found no land for a resting-place. Those living beings whom the water spared fell a prey to hunger.

Parnassus alone, of all the mountains, overtopped the waves; and there Deucalion, and his wife Pyrrha, of the race of Prometheus, found refuge—he a just man, and she a faithful worshipper of the gods. Jupiter, when he saw none left alive but this pair, and remembered their harmless lives and pious demeanor, ordered the north winds to drive away the clouds, and disclose the skies to earth, and earth to the skies. Neptune also directed Triton to blow on his shell, and sound a retreat to the waters. The waters obeyed, and the sea returned to its shores, and the rivers to their channels. Then Deucalion thus addressed Pyrrha: "O wife, only surviving woman, joined to me first by the ties of kindred and marriage, and now by a common danger, would that we possessed the power of our ancestor Prometheus, and could renew the race as he at first made it! But as we cannot, let us seek yonder temple, and inquire of the gods what remains for us to do." They entered the temple, deformed as it was with slime, and approached the altar, where no fire burned. There they fell prostrate on the earth, and prayed the goddess to inform them how they might retrieve their miserable affairs. The oracle answered, "Depart from the temple with head veiled and garments unbound, and cast behind you the bones of your mother." They heard the words with astonishment. Pyrrha first broke silence: "We cannot obey; we dare not profane the remains of our parents." They sought the thickest shades of the wood, and revolved the oracle in their minds. At length Deucalion spoke: "Either my sagacity deceives me, or the command is one we may obey without impiety. The earth is the great parent of all; the stones are her bones; these we may cast behind us; and I think this is what the oracle means. At least, it will do no harm to try." They veiled their faces, unbound their garments, and picked up stones, and cast them behind them. The stones (wonderful to relate) began to grow soft, and assume shape. By degrees, they put on a rude resemblance to the human form, like a block half-finished in the hands of the sculptor. The moisture and slime that were about them became flesh; the stony part became bones; the veins remained veins, retaining their name, only changing their use. Those thrown by the hand of the man became men, and those by the woman became women. It was a hard race, and well adapted to labor, as we find ourselves to be at this day, giving plain indications of our origin.

The comparison of Eve to Pandora is too obvious to have escaped
Milton, who introduces it in Book IV. of "Paradise Lost":
    "More lovely than Pandora, whom the gods
     Endowed with all their gifts; and O, too like
     In sad event, when to the unwiser son
     Of Japhet brought by Hermes, she insnared
     Mankind with her fair looks, to be avenged
     On him who had stole Jove's authentic fire."
Prometheus and Epimetheus were sons of Iapetus, which Milton changes to Japhet.

Prometheus has been a favorite subject with the poets. He is represented as the friend of mankind, who interposed in their behalf when Jove was incensed against them, and who taught them civilization and the arts. But as, in so doing, he transgressed the will of Jupiter, he drew down on himself the anger of the ruler of gods and men. Jupiter had him chained to a rock on Mount Caucasus, where a vulture preyed on his liver, which was renewed as fast as devoured. This state of torment might have been brought to an end at any time by Prometheus, if he had been willing to submit to his oppressor; for he possessed a secret which involved the stability of Jove's throne, and if he would have revealed it, he might have been at once taken into favor. But that he disdained to do. He has therefore become the symbol of magnanimous endurance of unmerited suffering, and strength of will resisting oppression.

Byron and Shelley have both treated this theme. The following are
Byron's lines:
    "Titan! to whose immortal eyes
       The sufferings of mortality,
       Seen in their sad reality,
     Were not as things that gods despise;
     What was thy pity's recompense?
     A silent suffering, and intense;
     The rock, the vulture, and the chain;
     All that the proud can feel of pain;
     The agony they do not show;
     The suffocating sense of woe.
    "Thy godlike crime was to be kind;
       To render with thy precepts less
       The sum of human wretchedness,
     And strengthen man with his own mind.
       And, baffled as thou wert from high,
       Still, in thy patient energy
     In the endurance and repulse
       Of thine impenetrable spirit,
     Which earth and heaven could not convulse,
       A mighty lesson we inherit."
Byron also employs the same allusion, in his
"Ode to Napoleon Bonaparte":
    "Or, like the thief of fire from heaven,
       Wilt thou withstand the shock?
     And share with him—the unforgiven—
       His vulture and his rock?"

Banning Books, Islam & Other Books in the News (July 18 2018)

John Stormer, whose ‘None Dare Call It Treason’ was a landmark of conspiracy literature, dies at 90
...a Cold War-era anti-communist author and pastor whose widely circulated book “None Dare Call It Treason” warned of Soviet subversion in America and helped catapult arch-conservative standardbearer Barry Goldwater to the Republican presidential nomination in 1964, died July 10 at a rehabilitation center in Troy, Mo.

Agatha Christie’s writings tell us murder is easy
One of the recurring themes of Agatha Christie’s books is that, everyone (when push comes to shove) is capable of murder

Obama and Biden fighting crime in a new mystery novel is the break from political news you need

9 Psychological Thrillers Written By Women That Will Totally Creep You Out This Summer

Steven Pinker’s Enlightenment Now Is Mostly Right

Should we be controlling what pupils read?
This librarian’s experiment to direct pupils towards ‘worthier’ titles failed miserably – the kids just stopped reading

Skin-crawling New Look at ‘Venom’ is a Comic Book Fan’s Wet Dream!

Laura Ingalls Wilder is my hero, but her books tell a painful American story.

Rare 1616 King James Bible found in cupboard of 57-year-old New Zealand church

Jane Austen’s unfinished novel ‘Sanditon’ to be adapted into a TV series

Laura Ingalls Wilder vs. the arrogance of moral superiority
Children don’t read the “Little House” books and turn racist. They don’t read them and then suddenly shun their Native American friend who has been their play-date buddy. That does not happen, has never happened, would never happen.

Renaming Laura Ingalls Wilder award sad testimony to America
At some point, “Leave it to Beaver” is going to be banned from being rebroadcast because it depicts June Cleaver as a housewife, which must be insulting to some group that will protest, march, boycott and get their way.

Movies Based On Books Make More Money At The Box Office, According To A New Study

These Are The Bestselling Books Of 2018 So Far, According To A New Report

5 Underrated Books on Conservatism that You Need To Know About

Which parts of history are OK to ignore?
The attitudes and societal mores reflected in Wilder’s books might be offensive to Native American children reading them now; they’re “inconsistent” with the organization’s core values. (I would hazard a guess that had the organization existed in the mid-1800s, their values would probably have been quite similar to those in the books, given the historical context.)

EDITORIAL: Wilder decision disregards history and free speech

Comic artist Steve Ditko, the co-creator of Spider-Man and Doctor Strange, has died
The reclusive comic book artist was 90

Stripping Laura Ingalls Wilder's name from literature award is straight-up censorship | Christine Flowers

The New World Translation Bible Defended (July 8 2018)

Guns, God & Ghosts, Over 100 Books You Won't Believe Are Online for FREE


The worst deal on Prime Day ever: $2,630.52 for a used paperback
Some third-party Amazon sellers are pricing books up to 100 times higher than other listings, The New York Times reports.

The Savaging of Laura Ingalls Wilder
the author, as represented by her “Little House” series, “reflect dated cultural attitudes towards indigenous people and people of color that contradict modern acceptance, celebration and understanding of diverse communities.”

Who was Mary Shelley and what inspired Frankenstein?

How Did Bruce Lee Die? New Book Has a Sad, Strange Explanation

5 Reasons You Need to Read Sean Spicer’s New Book: 'The Briefing'

Secrets of the Chocolate Industry to be Released With a New Book, Bittersweet, by Apollo Publishers LLC

Bible Conference Delves Into the Significance of Ellen G. White’s Writings

Government slaps new tax on Bibles and Korans
The Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) has reversed a long-standing tradition and ordered religious groups to start paying taxes on Bibles, Korans, prayer and hymn books.

Despite growing technologies, readers are still turning to print books
According to a 2018 study by the Pew Research Center, 39 percent of U.S. adults only read print books while just 7 percent read exclusively digital books.

The 10 Books with the Most Page-for-Page Wisdom

John Wilkes Booth Was Apparently The Leonardo DiCaprio Of His Day
John Wilkes Booth was such a popular actor that he was the Leonardo DiCaprio of his day, the author of an eye-opening new book about Lincoln’s infamous assassin told The Daily Caller News Foundation.

The Book That Terrified Neil Gaiman. And Carmen Maria Machado. And Dan Simmons.
We asked 13 authors to recommend the most frightening books they’ve ever read. Here’s what they chose.



New Book '#DUPED' Shoots Down All Of Hogg's Rhetoric

New Book: Hillary Would Have Been 'The Booziest President' Since the 1940's

New Book: Clinton Campaign Wanted To 'Maximize' Trump

Kassam Announces New Book ‘Enoch Was Right’, Available Now
Referred to as a “fascist” turn by many media outlets, Powell’s speech was arguably the most important political moment in post-war, pre-Brexit Britain.

The New Book Burners: College Students Declare Steve Martin’s ‘King Tut’ Racist

The Curious Case of the Protestant Bible
Perhaps no area in Catholic-Protestant apologetics involves as many outright falsehoods as the history of the Bible.

Was Dickens Really a Socialist?

California bill banning books, therapy to help unwanted gay attraction stalls amid lawsuit fears

Ban the book, ban the movie, ban the thought: Society is turning weak

Banning books is never right. We need people reading more, not less.

Germany's Thilo Sarrazin in court over controversial book on Islam
His highly controversial books sell in the millions. It all began with "Deutschland schafft sich ab" ("Germany is doing away with itself").

Controversial German author takes Random House to court after it axes his book on Islam
In 2010 Sarrazin, a former central banker and Berlin state finance minister, published the incendiary book "Germany Does Away With Itself", arguing that undereducated Muslim migrants were making the country "more stupid".

Textbook calls cancer a ‘disease of choice’ -- and it’s required reading for UNC students

“It’s okay to be white”: The alt-right commentator Aussies are paying $750 to have dinner with. can read her 2016 book, ‘Barbarians: How Baby Boomers, Immigrants, and Islam Screwed My Generation’.

Europe Is Dying, New Book Warns, And The Consequences Could Be Dire For The West
Europe has shown itself unable or unwilling 'to reproduce itself, fight for itself or even take its own side in an argument.'

27 Books Billionaire Investor Marc Andreessen Recommends You Read This Summer

Robert Spencer on his new book, “The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS”

Richard Dawkins Accused of Bigotry Over 'Allahu Akhbar' Tweet

Unpublished Book on Islam May Prove German Migrant Policy Wrong

China Bans Online Bible Sales as It Tightens Religious Controls

Could California Ban The Bible?

Cathedral that Once Burned Bibles Calls Cops on Bible-Reading Man: 'Sermon on the Mount' Not Allowed

The 10 Most Expensive Books in the World

Modern Literature is nothing more than an Anti-Intellectual Word Salad
In other words, it sucks.

Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Mythology, Legends and Gods, Over 250 Books on DVDrom

Buy NowOnly $5.99 (I only ship to the United States)

Books Scanned from the Originals into PDF format

Contact for questions.

Books are in the public domain.

Contents of disk:

The Mythology of all Races Volume 1 - Greek and Roman by Louis Gray 1916

The Mythology of all Races Volume 3 - Celtic and Slavic by Louis Gray 1916

The Mythology of all Races Volume 6 - Indian and Iranian by Louis Gray 1916

The Mythology of all Races Volume 11 - Latin American by Louis Gray 1918

The Mythology of all Races Volume 12 - Egyptian and Indo-Chinese by Louis Gray 1920

A Book of Famous Myths and Legends 1901

The Myth of Ra - the Supreme Sun-god of Egypt by William Ricketts Cooper 1877

The Lost Tales of Miletus by Edward Bulwer Lytton 1866

The Golden Fleece and the heroes who lived before Achilles by P Colum 1921

Ye Gods and Little Fishes; a travesty on the Argonautic expedition in quest of the golden fleece by James A Henshall 1900

Jason's Quest by D.O.S. Lowell 1893

The fallen angels and the heroes of mythology by John Fleming 1879

Dissertations on the philosophy of the creation and the first ten chapters of Genesis allegorized in mythology by William Galloway 1885

The creation-story of Genesis by Hugo Radau 1902

The Mysteries of Mithra, article in the American Catholic Quarterly 1922

The Semitic Tradition of Creation, article in The Presbyterian and Reformed Review 1892

The Two Babylons by Alexander Hislop

An Analysis of the Egyptian Mythology by James C Prichard 1838

Greek Mythology Systematized by Sarah Amelia Scull 1880

A Smaller Classical Mythology by William George Smith - 1882 (some back pages hard to read, a lot of great illustrations though)

A Handbook of Legendary and Mythological Art by Clara Erskine Clement 1890

Conversations on Mythology 1827

China's Story in Myth, Legend, Art and Annals by William E Griffis 1911

Northern mythology comprising the principal popular traditions and superstitions of Scandinavia, North Germany, and The Netherlands, Volume 1 by Benjamin Thorpe 1851

Northern mythology comprising the principal popular traditions and superstitions of Scandinavia, North Germany, and The Netherlands, Volume 2 by Benjamin Thorpe 1851

Northern mythology comprising the principal popular traditions and superstitions of Scandinavia, North Germany, and The Netherlands, Volume 3 by Benjamin Thorpe 1851

Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain chiefly illustrating the origin of our vulgar and provincial customs, ceremonies, and superstitions by John Brand, Volume 1, 1875

Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain chiefly illustrating the origin of our vulgar and provincial customs, ceremonies, and superstitions by John Brand, Volume 2, 1875

Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain chiefly illustrating the origin of our vulgar and provincial customs, ceremonies, and superstitions by John Brand, Volume 3, 1875

Russian folk-tales by William Ralston 1873

Folk tales from the Russian by Vera X Blumenthal 1903

Folk-lore of the Holy Land - Moslem, Christian and Jewish 1907

Yiddish Tales by Helena Frank 1912

Jewish Holyday Stories by Elma Levinger 1918

The Legends of Genesis by Hermann Gunkel 1901

Romances and epics of our Northern Ancestors, Norse, Celt and Teuton by W Wagner 1907 (The Amelungs, Legend of Dietrich and Hildebrand, The Nibelung story, The Hegeling legend, The Legend of Beowulf, Legends of the Holy Grail, Legend of Lohengrin, Romance of Tristram and Isolde)

In Quest of the Holy Grail - an introduction to the study of the legend by Sebastian Evans 1898

The Hidden Church of the Holy Graal its Legends and Symbolism considered in their affinity with certain mysteries of initiation and other traces of a secret tradition in Christian times by Arthur E Waite 1909

Studies on the legend of the Holy Grail by Alfred Nutt 1888

The Pedigree of the Devil by F. Thomas Hall 1883

Serpent and Siva worship and Mythology by Hyde Clarke 1877

The Serpent Myths of Ancient Egypt by WR Cooper 1873

Geological Myths (Flood Myths), article in Science magazine 1896

The Book of Genesis in the Light of Modern Knowledge by Elwood Worcester 1901

An Introduction to the Science of Comparative Mythology and Folklore by Sir George W. Cox 1883

Faiths and Folklore - A Dictionary, Volume 1 by W Carew Hazlitt 1905

Faiths and Folklore - A Dictionary, Volume 2 by W Carew Hazlitt 1905

The Devils and Evil Spirits of Babylonia, Volume 1 by RC Thompson 1903

The Devils and Evil Spirits of Babylonia, Volume 2 by RC Thompson 1903

The Legend of Perseus, Volume 1 by Edward Hartland 1894

The Legend of Perseus, Volume 2 by Edward Hartland 1894

The Legend of Perseus, Volume 3 by Edward Hartland 1894

Psychoanalysis and Mythology, article in Journal of Religious Psychology 1915

Folklore, Parallels and Coincidences, article in Folklore, A Quarterly Review 1897

The Trinities of the Ancients by Robert Mushet 1837

An Analysis of the Egyptian Mythology by James Cowles Prichard 1838

Gleanings from Chinese Folklore by Mary H Porter 1915

Macedonian Folklore by GF Abbott 1903

The Tree of Mythology - its growth and fruitage, Genesis of the nursery tale, saws of folk-lore, etc., by Charles Mills 1889

The Myths of Israel by Amos Fiske 1897

The life and exploits of Jehovah by Henry M Tichenor 1915

Contributions to the Science of Mythology by Max Muller, Volume 1 1897

Contributions to the Science of Mythology by Max Muller, Volume 2 1897

Zoological Mythology - The Legends of Animals 1872 by Angelo De Gubernatis, Volume 1

Zoological Mythology - The Legends of Animals 1872 by Angelo De Gubernatis, Volume 2

Serpent-Worship by J. A. MacCulloch 1922

Fairy Mythology by Thomas Keightley 1833

Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions by Thomas William Doane

American Hero Myths by Daniel Brinton 1882

The Ethnic Trinities and their relations to the Christian Trinity by Levi Leonard Paine 1901

The Heroes of Asgard - tales from Scandinavian Mythology by A Keary 1909

The Science of Fairy Tales - An Inquiry into Fairy Mythology by Edwin Sidney Hartland 1890

The Mythology of the Aryan Nations by George W Cox, Volume 1, 1870

The Mythology of the Aryan Nations by George W Cox, Volume 2, 1870

The Algonquin Legends by Charles Leland 1884

Myths and legends of the New York state Iroquois by Harriet Converse 1908

The Mythology of the Wichita, Volume 1 by George A Dorsey 1904

The Mythology of the Wichita, Volume 2 by George A Dorsey 1904

The Mythology of Ancient Britain and Ireland by Charles Squire 1909

Evolution: an exposition of Christian dogmas and pagan myths by PJ Cooley

Myths of the Hindus & Buddhists by Sister Nivedita 1914

The Golden Bough - a Study in Magic and Religion by Sir James George Frazer 1922

Myths and Myth-Makers by John Fiske - Old Tales and Superstitions Interpreted by Comparitive Mythology 1896

Popular tales from the Norse by George Nasent 1903

Tales about the mythology of Greece and Rome by Peter Parley 1839

The Idea of God in Early Religions by FB Jevons 1910

The mythology of the British Islands, by Charles Squire 1905

Popular studies in mythology (Celtic Romance) by Alfred Nutt 1899

Two Essays on Semiramis by W. Robertson Smith and A. H. Sayce 1888

The Christ of Japan, article in Homiletic review 1913

Buddhist Legends by Buddhaghosa 1921

Buddhist Legends and New Testament Teachings, article in the Ecclesiastical review 1922

Christianity before Christ by Charles Stone 1885

Christ and other Masters, a Historical Inquiry into some Chief Parallelisms and Contrasts between Christianity and the Religious systems of the ancient world by Charles Hardwick 1857

Mythology of the Blackfoot Indians by Clark Wissler 1908

The Dragon, Image, and Demon Or The Three Religions of China by Hampden C. DuBose - 1887

The Mythical Interpretation of the Gospels by Thomas Thorburn

The Use of Myths to create Suspense in extant Greek tragedy by William Flint 1922

Introduction to the science of religion - The philosophy of mythology by Max Muller 1873

Oedipus, King of Thebes by Sophocles 1911

Oedipus at Colonus by Sophocles 1894

Totem and Taboo - resemblances between the psychic lives of savages and neurotics by Sigmund Freud 1918

The Myth of the Birth of the Hero: A Psychological Interpretation by Otto Rank, F. Robbins, Smith Ely Jelliffe - 1914

Heroes and Heroines of Fiction - Famous characters and Famous names in novels, romances, poems and dramas, classified, analyzed and criticised, with supplementary citations from the best authorities by William Walsh, Volume 1 1914

Heroes and Heroines of Fiction - Famous characters and Famous names in novels, romances, poems and dramas, classified, analyzed and criticised, with supplementary citations from the best authorities by William Walsh, Volume 2 1914

The Golden Age of Myth & Legend by Thomas Bulfinch 1900

A Hand-book of Mythology by EM Berens 1894

Stories from Heathen Mythology and Greek History For the Use of Christian Children by John Neale 1847

Myths of Hellas - Greek tales by C. Witt 1903

Star Lore of all Ages; a collection of Myths, Legends, and Facts concerning the constellations of the Northern Hemisphere 1911 by William Olcott

Sun Lore of all ages, a collection of Myths and Legends concerning the Sun and its worship by William Olcott

Roman History and Mythology by Henry Sanders 1910

Greece and Babylon, a Comparative Sketch of Religions 1911 by Lewis Farnell

A Smaller Classical Dictionary of Biography, Mythology, and Geography by William Smith

Myths & Legends of the Celtic Race TW Rolleston 1911

Hero-Myths and Legends of the British Race by MI Ebbutt 1920

Classical Mythology in Shakespeare by Robert Root 1903

A Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, Mythology, Religion 1891 by Oskar Seyffert

Manual of Mythology: Greek and Roman, Norse and Old German, Hindoo and Egyptian Mythology 1893 by Alexander Murray

The Two Babylons by Alexander Hislop

Myths & Legends of Babylonia & Assyria by Lewis Spence 1916

Fairy Tales, Legends and Romances Illustrating Shakespeare and Other Early English Writers by Joseph Ritson 1875

Heroines of History, Heroines of Mythology, of Shakespeare, of the Bible by Frank Bristol 1914

Tales of the Gods and Heroes by George Cox 1863

Egyptian Mythology and Egyptian Christianity, with their Influence on the Opinions of Modern Christendom by Samuel Sharp 1863

Kings and Gods of Egypt by Alexandre Moret 1912

Ancient Egyptian Legends by M. Murray 1920

The Gods of the Egyptians by EA Wallis Budge 1904

A Catechism of Mythology; Containing a Compendious History of the Heathen Gods and Heroes by William Darlington 1832

Jewish Fairy Tales and Fables 1908 by Gertrude Landa

Jewish Fairy Tales and Stories by Gerald Friedlander 1918

The Legends of the Jews by Louis Ginzberg Volume 1, 1913

The Legends of the Jews by Louis Ginzberg Volume 2, 1909

The Legends of the Jews by Louis Ginzberg Volume 3, 1909

The Legends of the Jews by Louis Ginzberg Volume 4, 1909

Stories of Indian (Hindu) Gods & Heroes by WD Monro 1912

Hindu Gods and Heroes by Lionel Barnett 1922

Legends of Indian Buddhism by E Burnouf 1911

The Age of Fable, or, Beauties of Mythology by Thomas Bulfinch 1855

Legends of Charlemagne or Romance of the Middle Ages by Thomas Bulfinch 1862

Gods and Heroes of old Japan by Violet Pasteur 1906

Myths of China and Japan by Donald McKenzie

Tooke's Pantheon of the Heathen Gods 1823

The Mythology and Fables of the Ancients Volume 1 by the Abbe Banier 1739

The Myths of Mexico & Peru by Lewis Spence 1913

The Great Dionysiak Myth Vol. 1 by Robert Brown 1877

Teutonic Mythology by Jacob Grimm Volume 1 1882

Teutonic Mythology by Jacob Grimm Volume 2 1882

Asgard Stories, Tales from Norse Mythology 1901 by Mary Foster

The Nine Worlds, Stories from Norse Mythology by Mary Litchfield

Norse Stories Retold from the Eddas by Hamilton Wright Mabie 1900

Norse Mythology Or The Religion Of Our Forefathers Containing All The Myths Of The Eddas by RR Anderson 1879

Myths and Legends of Christmastide by Bertha Herrick 1901

Indian Myths and Legends of the Aborigines of American compared with those of Other Countries by Ellen Emerson 1884

Index to Fairy Tales, Myths and Legends by Mary Eastman 1915

Myths and Legends of the Sioux by Marie L. McLaughlin 1916

Sacred Myths of the Manitou by Ernest Whitney 1892

British Goblins: Welsh Folk-lore, Fairy Mythology, Legends and Traditions by Wyrt Sikes 1880

Stories of Gods and Heroes by Thomas Bulfinch 1920

The Age of Chivalry; or Legends of King Arthur, King Arthur and his Knights, The Mabinogeon, The Crusades, Robin Hood by Thomas Bulfinch 1884

Egyptian Mythology by Max Muller 1918

Creation Myths of Primitive America by Jeremiah Curtin 1898

False Gods - The idol Worship of the World, a Complete History of idolatrous worship throughout the world, ancient and modern, describing the strange beliefs, practices, superstitions, temples, idols, shrines, sacrifices by Frank Dobbins

Curious Myths of the Middle Ages by S Baring-Gould 1876

The Dawn of Astronomy. A study of the Temple-worship and Mythology of the Ancient Egyptians 1894 by Norman Lockyer

Christianity and Mythology by John M Robertson 1910

Tammuz and Ishtar: a Monograph on Babylonian Religion and Theology by Stephen Langdon 1914

Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions by TW Doane 1882

Myth, Magic, and Morals: a Study of Christian Origins by FC Conybeare 1910

Alsea Texts and Myths by Leo Frachtenberg 1920

The Chaldean Account of Genesis, containing the Description of the Creation, the fall of man, the deluge, the tower of Babel, the times of the patriarchs, and Nimrod: Babylonian fables, and legends of the gods; from the cuneiform inscriptions by George Smith 1876

A Christian Wreath for the Pagan Deities - An Introduction to the Greek and Roman Mythology by FA Rowden 1820 (first 149 pages only)

Tammuz, Pan and Christ; Notes on a Typical Case of Myth-Transference and Development by W. Schoff 1912

The Christ Myth
by Elizabeth Edson Gibson Evans

Bel, the Christ of Ancient Times by Hugo Radau 1908

An Old Babylonian Version of the Gilgamesh by Morris Jastrow 1920

The Semitic Gods and the Bible by De Robigne Mortimer Bennett 1912

The Great Law: A Study of Religious Origins and of the Unity Underlying Them
by William Williamson

The Evolution of the Idea of God: An Inquiry Into the Origins of Religion
by Grant Allen 1908

Jesus: Myth, Man, Or God: Or, The Popular Theology and the Positive Religion ...
by James Martin Peebles 1870

Folk Lore/Superstitious Beliefs in Scotland with an Appendix Showing the Probable Relation of the Modern Festivals of Christmas, May Day, St. John's Day, and Halloween to Ancient Sun and Fire Worship 1879 by James Napier

The Fathers of Jesus: A Study of the Lineage of the Christian Doctrine
by Keningale Cook - 1886

The Mythical Interpretation of the Gospels: Critical Studies in the Historic...
by Thomas James Thorburn 1916

Isis and Osiris, Or, The Origin of Christianity by John Stuart Stuart Glennie 1878

The Eternal Christ: Studies in the Life of Vision and Service
by Joseph Fort Newton - 1912

Antiquity Unveiled: Ancient Voices from the the Spirit Realms Disclose the ...
by Jonathan M.] [Roberts - 1894

Pagan Christs: Studies in Comparative Hierology
by John Mackinnon Robertson 1903

Christ Lore; being the Legends, Traditions, Myths, Symbols, Customs & Superstitions of the Christian Church 1902 by FW Hackwood

Religion and Myth by James MacDonald 1893

A Short History of Christianity
by John Mackinnon Robertson - 1902

The Antichrist Legend; a Chapter in Christian and Jewish Folklore with a prologue on the Babylonian Dragon Myth 1896 by W. Bousset

The Sun and the Serpent, a History of Serpent-Worship 1905 by CF Oldham

On Prehistoric Traditions and Customs in Connection with Sun and Serpent Worship by John Phene 1875


The Origins of Christianity by Thomas Whittaker 1904

Sex Worship, an Exposition of the Phallic Origin of Religion 1909 by Cliff Howard

Religion in the Heavens, or Mythology Unveiled by Logan Mitchell 1881

The Childhood of Religions, embracing a simple account of the Birth and Growth of Myths and Legends 1875 by Ed Clodd

The Gods (1872) Robert Green Ingersoll

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Great Quotes by Mark Twain

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For two hours I sat there, thinking of bygone times; recalling old scenes, and summoning half-forgotten faces out of the mists of the past; listening, in fancy, to voices that long ago grew silent for all time, and to once familiar songs that nobody sings now.

'Classic' - a book which people praise and don't read.

We despise all reverences and all the objects of reverence which are outside the pale of our own list of sacred things. And yet, with strange inconsistency, we are shocked when other people despise and defile the things which are holy to us.

Get your facts first, then you can distort them as you please.

All you need in this life is ignorance and confidence, and then success is sure.

You can't depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of focus.

India has two million gods, and worships them all. In religion all other countries are paupers; India is the only millionaire.

Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect.

Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear.

Never put off till tomorrow what may be done day after tomorrow just as well.

Politicians and diapers must be changed often, and for the same reason.

I have never let my schooling interfere with my education.

The man who does not read has no advantage over the man who cannot read.

Don't part with your illusions. When they are gone you may still exist, but you have ceased to live.

When I was a boy of 14, my father was so ignorant I could hardly stand to have the old man around. But when I got to be 21, I was astonished at how much the old man had learned in seven years.

Sanity and happiness are an impossible combination.

What would men be without women? Scarce, sir...mighty scarce.

Books are for people who wish they were somewhere else.

The easy confidence with which I know another man's religion is folly teaches me to suspect that my own is also. I would not interfere with any one's religion, either to strengthen it or to weaken it. I am not able to believe one's religion can affect his hereafter one way or the other, no matter what that religion may be. But it may easily be a great comfort to him in this life--hence it is a valuable possession to him.

I do not fear death. I had been dead for billions and billions of years before I was born, and had not suffered the slightest inconvenience from it.

Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because Fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn't.

Loyalty to country ALWAYS. Loyalty to government, when it deserves it.

The difference between the almost right word and the right word is really a large matter. ’tis the difference between the lightning bug and the lightning.

But who prays for Satan? Who, in eighteen centuries, has had the common humanity to pray for the one sinner that needed it most?

Never allow someone to be your priority while allowing yourself to be their option.

God created war so that Americans would learn geography.

I am quite sure now that often, very often, in matters concerning religion and politics a man's reasoning powers are not above the monkey's.

I did not attend his funeral, but I sent a nice letter saying I approved of it.

Don’t go around saying the world owes you a living. The world owes you nothing. It was here first.

There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact.

I've seen a heap of trouble in my life, and most of it never came to pass.

All men have heard of the Mormon Bible, but few except the "elect" have seen it, or, at least, taken the trouble to read it. I brought away a copy from Salt Lake. The book is a curiosity to me, it is such a pretentious affair, and yet so "slow," so sleepy; such an insipid mess of inspiration. It is chloroform in print. If Joseph Smith composed this book, the act was a miracle — keeping awake while he did it was, at any rate.

Twain on the Book of Mormon: The book seems to be merely a prosy detail of imaginary history, with the Old Testament for a model; followed by a tedious plagiarism of the New Testament. The author labored to give his words and phrases the quaint, old-fashioned sound and structure of our King James's translation of the Scriptures; and the result is a mongrel--half modern glibness, and half ancient simplicity and gravity. The latter is awkward and constrained; the former natural, but grotesque by the contrast. Whenever he found his speech growing too modern--which was about every sentence or two--he ladled in a few such Scriptural phrases as "exceeding sore," "and it came to pass," etc., and made things satisfactory again. "And it came to pass" was his pet. If he had left that out, his Bible would have been only a pamphlet.

It ain't those parts of the Bible that I can't understand that bother me, it is the parts that I do understand.

Let us live so that when we come to die even the undertaker will be sorry.

Both marriage and death ought to be welcome: the one promises happiness, doubtless the other assures it.

The fear of death follows from the fear of life. A man who lives fully is prepared to die at any time.

The Impartial Friend: Death, the only immortal who treats us all alike, whose pity and whose peace and whose refuge are for all--the soiled and the pure, the rich and the poor, the loved and the unloved.

I thoroughly disapprove of duels. If a man should challenge me, I would take him kindly and forgivingly by the hand and lead him to a quiet place and kill him.

It is a time when one's spirit is subdued and sad, one knows not why; when the past seems a storm-swept desolation, life a vanity and a burden, and the future but a way to death.

Suppose you were an idiot, and suppose you were a member of Congress; but I repeat myself.

The more I learn about people, the more I like my dog.

A clear conscience is the sure sign of a bad memory.

Sometimes I wonder whether the world is being run by smart people who are putting us on or by imbeciles who really mean it.

DEAR HOWELLS,—I have to write a line, lazy as I am, to say how your Poe article delighted me; and to say that I am in agreement with substantially all you say about his literature. To me his prose is unreadable—like Jane Austin’s. No, there is a difference. I could read his prose on salary, but not Jane’s. Jane is entirely impossible. It seems a great pity that they allowed her to die a natural death.

Everytime I read 'Pride and Prejudice' I want to dig her [Jane Austen] up and beat her over the skull with her own shin-bone.

Sunday, July 15, 2018

A Mohawk Creation Story by A.F. Chamberlain 1888

A Mohawk Legend of Adam and Eve by A.F. Chamberlain 1888

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An interesting study might be made of the influence which the teachings of the missionaries of the Christian church have exerted in modifying primitive Indian myths; interesting also is the effect produced upon the stories of the Bible by the Indian imagination. As a contribution to this study, the following, obtained in November, 1888, from an intelligent Mohawk from the Reservation at Brantford, Ont., may be of some value. The narrator stated that it was current at Caughnawaga.

At first the bodies of Adam and Eve were all smooth and shining, as men's finger - nails are now. But one day Adam was walking about in the garden near the tree on which the fruit was, when he heard something say to him: "Take! take!" and something, again, saying: "Don't take! Don't take!" After a while, however, Adam became bold enough and took a fruit and began to eat it. The first bite he took stuck in his throat, and is there to this day. He then gave Eve-a-piece which she ate. Then they both began to suffer change, and all the smoothness and shininess of their bodies began to disappear, and all that was left of it is seen now in our finger-nails and toe-nails. It was the Devil, who had become a snake and climbed up the tree, that tempted Adam. After doing this the Devil returned to the centre of the earth. Even at this day a common form of assertion among the Mohawks is, "As sure as the Devil returned to earth again!" The Indians believed that Owistos (?Christ) would kill the Devil-snake by driving a sword through the centre of his head, and pinning him to the earth with his wings outspread. The Indians all hate snakes, and every one (even the women) will kill a snake when he sees it; when so doing they call out, "Owistos! ooayerle! Owistos! ooayerle!" (Owistos! I kill! Owistos! I kill!)

The variations from the Biblical narrative are too obvious to need comment.


The Blackfoot version of creation is as follows: The great Manitou was a friend to the people, but he had an enemy who dwelt under the water, and who created a deluge. This deluge destroyed all the people and compelled the Manitou to reconstruct the earth, which he did. The creator is called "the old man," and the story is that he floated upon a log in the water, and had with him four animals—the fish (mamed), the frog {matcokupis), the lizard {mamskeo)- and the turtle (spopeo). He sent them down into the waters in the order named to see what they could find. The first three descended but never returned; the turtle (the turtle is a common symbol for the earth), however, arose with his mouth full of mud. Wapioa took the mud from the mouth of the turtle, rolled it around in his hand and let it fall into the waters. It made the earth. At first it was an island, but afterward grew to a great size. He was the secondary creator. He was not the ancestor of the Blackfeet, but was the creator of the Indian race.

According to the Huron story, in the beginning there was nothing but water. It so happened that a woman fell down from the upper world through a rift in the sky. Two loons, who were flying over the water, hastened to place themselves beneath her and hold her up. They began to cry to the other animals to aid them. The turtle came and received the woman upon his back. The turtle then called the different animals to dive to the bottom. Each one tried—the beaver, muskrat, diverduck—but the only one that succeeded was the toad. From the toad the woman took the earth and placed it around the edge of the tortoise shell It became the earth and was supported by the tortoise. Twins were born to the woman. The name of the good one was Ioskeha, and the bad one was Tawascara. The good one created useful animals, but the bad brother monstrous creatures, such as serpents, wolves, and among them a monster toad, which swallowed all the water.

Among the Athapascans, as well as the Dakotas, the creator was a mighty bird, whose eyes were fire and whose glances were lightning, on whose descent to the ocean the earth instantly arose and remained on the surface of the water. Among the Muskogees, before the creation, a great body of water alone was visible, and two pigeons flew to and fro over its waves and at last spied a blade of grass. Dry land gradually followed and islands and continents took their present shapes.

The Ghost of the Little House: A Life of Rose Wilder Lane

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Rose Wilder Lane was born on December 5, 1886. She was a fascinating person. For most of her life she eked out a precarious livelihood as a freelance author, journalist, ghostwriter, and novelist. Yet her impact has been much greater than that of run-of-the-mill freelance authors, journalists, ghost-writers, and novelists. She became an important figure in the libertarian movement.

Rose was vivacious, lively, energetic, adventurous, a fascinating conversationalist, and a brilliant storyteller. A determined individualist, she was a rebel all her life. Rose was extremely bright and taught herself to read, she says, at three years of age. She rebelled against poverty and the hardships of her childhood. She also rebelled against uninspiring teachers and her formal schooling ended at an early age. She left home at sixteen and was soon supporting herself on $2.50 per week as a telegrapher. She made her way to California where she worked in real estate and journalism and married briefly.

After World War I, she went to Europe for the Red Cross and to the Middle East for the Near East Relief. She found poverty everywhere; Armenia was the worst. Repulsed by the suffering and destitution in war-torn Europe, Rose was attracted by Communism. But in time she rebelled against that too and became what she called a rebel in the tradition of the American Revolution, an advocate of individual freedom. She described her philosophical transformation in a piece in the Saturday Evening Post which later gained wide circulation as a booklet, Give Me Liberty.

Rose’s mother was Laura Ingalls Wilder,  author of the beloved series of Little House books for children. It now appears that Rose had much more to do with the success of those books than has previously been acknowledged. Rose had long encouraged her mother to write, and Laura had had quite a few articles published in local Missouri newspapers and farm journals. Then she began writing down her childhood reminiscences. Laura sent Rose her handwritten manuscript and asked Rose to help. As a skilled ghostwriter, Rose took the story in hand, added descriptive material and conversation, fleshed out incidents described, enhanced the narrative, and gave the tale a suitable beginning and end. After Rose had “run her mother’s manuscript through her typewriter” in this way, the first of her mother’s Little House books, The Little House in the Big Woods, was accepted in 1932 for publication by Harper’s and named a Junior Literary Guild Selection.

Laura Ingalls Wilder continued her reminiscences. In time there were eight books in the Little House series.* Laura sometimes resented her daughter’s help, but she realized Rose was making her manuscripts publishable. All of the Little House books have become bestsellers and they are still kept in print by their publisher.

It took Rose about a year to “run through her typewriter” each of the books that followed the first one. As Rose worked on her mother’s manuscripts, she introduced more and more of her developing philosophy of individual freedom. The extent of Rose’s involvement became apparent only after Laura donated “her handwritten, fair-copy manuscripts” of several of the books to libraries (the Detroit Public Library named in her honor and the Pomona, California, Public Library) and scholars began to compare Laura’ s versions with the published books.

Rose’s opposition to government intervention strengthened as the years rolled by. She became a strenuous opponent of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal. Before Pearl Harbor she opposed our entry into the war. During the war, she refused to apply for a ration card, relying on honey for sweetening and canning her own garden fruits and vegetables. She even refused to accept a Social Security number. When a radio commentator asked his listeners for their views on Social Security, she scribbled on a postcard: “If [American] school teachers say to German [Nazi] children, ‘We believe in Social Security,’ the children will ask, ‘Then why did you fight Germany?’ All these ‘Social Security’ laws are German, instituted by Bismarck and expanded by Hitler. Americans believe in freedom, in not being taxed for their own good and bossed by bureaucrats.” The local postmaster, reading the message, considered it subversive and notified the FBI which sent a state trooper to investigate. Rose’s response was a newspaper article: “What Is This—the Gestapo?”

Rose presented her fully developed freedom philosophy in a book, The Discovery of Freedom, published during the war in 1943. It has just recently been republished with a new preface by FEE’s President, Hans F. Sennholz. Partly because of this book, John Chamberlain credits her, along with Isabel Paterson, author of The God of the Machine, and Ayn Rand as having “rekindle[d] a faith in an older American philosophy.” This book also inspired Henry Grady Weaver’s Mainspring of Human Progress, which is a FEE bestseller.

The freedom message Rose presented through her books has even reached people who don’t read. Her novel, Let the Hurricane Roar, later republished as Young Pioneers, which dealt as the Little House books did with life on the frontier, was dramatized  for radio and broadcast with Helen Hayes as the star. The Little House books ran for several years as a television series, starring Michael Landon.

Rose was not only a rebel but a crusader.  As she journeyed from Communism to freedom, she used every opportunity to convince others of her particular brand of individualism. She was a prolific correspondent. Two books of her letters have been published: one of those to DuPont’s Jasper Crane, The Lady and the Tycoon, and the other, just published, edited by William Holtz, author of this biography, of Rose’s correspondence with Dorothy Thompson, the prominent newspaper columnist. Economists V. Orval Watts, Jean-Pierre Hamilius of Luxembourg, Robert LeFevre, and Hans F. Sennholz all came under her spell. She also gave LeFevre’s Freedom School both spiritual and financial support. In the course of her life, Rose “adopted” several young men who became proteges. One of these, Roger MacBride became her attorney, heir, and most loyal promoter. Elected to the Vermont State Legislature, MacBride proposed and argued for legislation to reduce the size of the state government by disengaging the state from a host of enterprises. In 1972, as a presidential elector, MacBride surprised the nation by casting his vote, not for the Republican slate as expected, but for the Libertarian presidential and vice-presidential candidates, John Hospers and Toni Nathan. And in 1976, MacBride himself ran for U.S. president as the Libertarian Party’s candidate.
Rose Wilder Lane lived a full and colorful life. She thrived on intellectual challenges. She suffered heartbreak and hardships. She traveled widely. In 1965, under the sponsorship of the Defense Department, she was sent as a correspondent for Woman’s Day to Vietnam. In 1968, she was planning still another trip—to places in Europe she hadn’t seen before. On October 29, she baked several loaves of bread in her Danbury, Connecticut, home and went upstairs to bed. As Holtz wrote, “Sometime during the dark hours just before dawn, her heart stopped.” Her pilgrimage was over.
William Holtz, Professor of English at the University of Missouri-Columbia, has done a prodigious amount of research, digging through voluminous files, documents, notes, and letters, to produce a sympathetic, delightful biography of a fascinating, dynamic, and complex individual. []
*The First Four Years was published in 1971, after Rose’s death, without benefit of her editing.
Bettina Bien Greaves
Bettina Bien Greaves
Contributing editor Bettina Bien Greaves was a longtime FEE staff member, resident scholar, and trustee. She attended Ludwig von Mises’s New York University seminar for many years and is a translator, editor, and bibliographer of his works.
This article was originally published on Read the original article.